Important Topics of ARD and ESI for NABARD Grade A Exam

NABARD plays a very crucial role in the rural development of the country, and if you have applied for the recruitment of NABARD Grade A, then you must leave no stones un-turned while Preparing for this examination.

The sections of Agriculture and Rural Development (ARD) and Economic and Social Issues (ESI) carry 40 marks in the prelims of NABARD Grade A and hence should be given importance if you want to improve your score in the examination.

Mentioned below are some commonly asked topics of ARD and ESI. Cover these essential topics and be assured that you can make your career in this organization.

Agriculture and Rural Development (ARD)

  • Agricultural agreements and MOUs: You need to keep yourself updated with the list of the agreements and MOUs signed between India and the other countries in the agricultural sector.
  • Agricultural extension: Questions are asked from the topic of application of scientific research and knowledge to agricultural practices through farming education.
  • Agricultural census: Agricultural census, which is conducted every five years, shows the number of small and marginal land holdings in the country.
  • Agriculture and its allied sectors: Questions related to the allied sectors of agriculture such as agricultural products, forestry, fishing, livestock are often asked in the examination and students should be ready for such questions.
  • Classification of agricultural markets: Types of agricultural markets in India and their classification, and the functions of each of those categories need to be studied carefully.
  • Agricultural schemes: The recent initiatives, schemes, programmes, and plans launched by the government to benefit all the farmers are often asked in the examination.
  • Methods of animal husbandry: Students need to know the essential methods which are used by farmers for the breeding and rearing of animals to obtain useful products.
  • Agricultural science and its branches: The branches of agricultural science such as livestock production, crop production, agricultural economics, and agricultural engineering need to be studied carefully.
  • Agricultural budget and its allocation: Students need to acquaint themselves with the procedure of budget allocation in the agricultural sector, throughout the years.
  • Census Data: Students need to memorize all the data which have been mentioned in the census conducted by the government of India.
  • Crop Rotation: Questions are often asked on the types of soil which favor the seasonal crops and the importance of crop rotation.  
  • Farming types and equipment: Farming has been revolutionized by the use of modern machines and such types of asked where students need to name such farming equipment.
  • Environment laws and acts: Students have to revise all the environmental laws and acts, which are currently in the news.
  • Important dates related to agriculture: National as well as international days related to agriculture and rural farming are important from the examination perspective.
  • Poultry and livestock : Poultry and livestock improvement and management are the areas from where NABARD prefers asking questions.
  • Soil and its conversion: Students should know the reasons for soil erosion and the ways by which soil can be conserved.
  • Important rankings: The ranking of India in various world indices need to be remembered by the students.
  • Rural credit system: Rural credit system is a source of sustainable livelihood for the people dwelling in rural areas. Questions are asked on the functioning of the rural credit system.
  • Scientific names: The names of all the scientific crops and the terminologies related to agriculture needs to be memorized by the students.
  • Watershed management: The process of implementing land use practices and water management practices to improve the quality of water comes under watershed management.

     Economic and Social Issues (ESI)

  • Budget allocation: The current financial budget needs to be thoroughly revised, and the allocation of the budget to each commodity needs to be remembered by the aspirants.
  • Government schemes: The recently launched government schemes to resolve the economic and social issues are often asked in the examination.
  • Economic planning : Students should go through the economic management of the resources within the country and the stages of the current implementation plan.
  • Population policy : This topic includes the steps taken by the government to modify the current population scenario.
  • Market concept and classification: Terminologies and the different types under which a market is classified are some of the types of questions which are asked.
  • Agricultural finance : The provision of different types of services to support on and off-farm agricultural businesses and activities are covered under agricultural finance.
  • Economic and financial reforms: Go through the recently published reports on economic and financial reforms and try to remember the significant data.
  • Effect of globalization on banking sector: Globalization plays a significant role in the performance of the banking sector and you should make a note of the factors of globalization which directly influence this sector.
  • Problems of the Indian education system: Students appearing in this examination need to go through the current education system of India and the ongoing issues of this sector.
  • Social problems of India: NABARD asks questions on several social issues of India such as unemployment, illiteracy, gender inequality, child abuse, casteism, etc.

ARD and ESI are the most important areas of NABARD Preliminary examination, and hence students need to prepare for it by putting in extra hours of work. A good understanding of NABARD Grade A syllabus will help in focusing on important topics. We hope that if you go through the topics mentioned above, you can tackle both the sections easily.

We wish you all the very best for your upcoming examination!

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